Posts Tagged ‘clean energy’

Wind energy.

Electricity generated by the power of the wind.

It’s a cool idea. (Or, should I say “hot”?) Clean (i.e., no carbon emissions or other harmful waste products), natural and “renewable”. Presumably cheap, too. Yay! Every politician’s dream, especially those who are funded and/or pressured by the environmentalist lobbyists and other “green” groups. Of course, when you read or listen to those activists via the MSM, you don’t usually hear the other side of the equation, as it were.

Wind Farm -- The Braes O'Doune near Stirling Castle in Scotland

The Braes O'Doune Wind Farm near Stirling Castle, Scotland

Unreliability is a BIG concern. You just can’t rely on the wind to always be blowing, even when you build a wind farm in a normally windy place. Take Scotland, for instance, which has several wind farms responsible for producing 1588 megawatts (MW) of power. A recent study on the data from those farms from February through June of this year revealed some eye-opening facts.

  • While the wind turbines are supposed to operate at an average output of about 30% of their maximum installed capacity, they under-produced 80% of the time.
  • They were at less than 5% maximum output nearly a third of the time, sometimes for several days.
  • Only 9 times did they actually reach 30% efficiency for a full day.
  • In fact, average output for the 5-month period was only 17% of maximum — i.e., just over half of what is expected.

It’s not a serious issue, yet, but Helen McDade of the John Muir Trust expressed her worries about depending too much on the wind farms:

This raises serious concerns about security of supply…. What will the consequences be when we become more reliant on wind power, and switch off the other resources, such as the coal-fired power stations? I think vested interests and blind hope are the reasons we are careening down this route.”

To be fair, though, this study looked at just 5 months out of an admittedly unusually calm year. Plus, as Rosie Vetter of Scottish Renewables points out,

No single energy technology can meet all of our needs, which is why we need a mix of renewables and thermal generation in different locations linked by a strong grid, with enhanced capacity to store electricity so it can be released when it is needed.”

Nevertheless, I think this case study is sufficiently illustrative of the undependable nature of this particular energy source.

5 megawatt wind turbine under construction

5 megawatt wind turbine under construction

Let’s look at it from another perspective.

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) in the Pacific Northwest currently has 2780 MW generated from wind farms and is expected to more than double that amount by 2013. It has already integrated over 1000 turbines, 5 new substations, and 6 tap-lines to connect the new power sources into the electricity grid. The BPA has one of the highest ratios of wind power to overall load of any federal power marketing authority in the United States — closing in on 30%. As Todd Wynn and Eric Lowe of the Cascade Policy Institute recently reported, however, there are several issues related to integrating wind-generated energy into a region’s power grid.

Obviously, wind is unpredictable and inconsistent, creating a significant problem for BPA and electric utilities. The electricity grid must remain in perfect supply-and-demand equilibrium in order to guarantee that when a ratepayer flips a switch, a light turns on. To prevent brownouts or overloads on the grid, BPA must schedule energy production in advance. However, the ability to predict when and how hard the wind will blow is extremely limited (usually a two- or three-day window) and often inaccurate. These problems are exacerbated by the fact that BPA has to have a backup system, known as a balancing reserve capacity, equal to or greater than the wind power capacity utilized at any given time. Because wind power is so unpredictable, every MW of wind power must be backed up by an equal amount of reliable energy in reserve to replace the energy lost when the wind dies down. Otherwise, the grid becomes unreliable and service is interrupted. In Oregon and the rest of the Pacific Northwest, hydroelectric dams currently serve as the balancing reserve. This means hydroelectric dams are turned on and off in order to respond to fluctuations in wind generation. [Not very efficient. More on this in a minute.]

…The argument that wind power can help to meet future energy demand is erroneous, since wind energy does not add capacity to the grid. Wind power merely trades off with existing sources of production, which functionally means shutting down hydroelectric dams and building additional back-up generation facilities (essentially building two power plants for the energy of one)…. [While research & analysis is underway to address these problems, solutions] are generally far off, or would fail to address the problem completely. Therefore, BPA eventually will be forced either to buy additional dispatchable generation capacity from third-party suppliers or to build additional back-up capacity. This leads to additional costs for BPA, the utilities which purchase power from BPA, and ultimately Oregon ratepayers.”

That bit I italicized is well worth remembering. Speaking of additional costs, here is some more info:

In 2009, BPA requested that the Oregon Public Utility Commission (OPUC) allow an electricity rate increase to reflect the costs of integrating wind. BPA proposed an increase of $2.79 per kilowatt-month, and the OPUC set the final rate increase at $1.29…. The new rate represents a doubling of wind integration costs, and this rate will continue to increase as more wind energy is added to the grid. These additional costs are eventually passed on to Oregon ratepayers.

Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, Oregon

Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, Oregon

In addition, President and CEO of Portland General Electric (PGE) Jim Piro sent an e-mail to ratepayers on February 16, 2010 explaining the utility’s plans to request a rate increase which would have to be approved by the Oregon Public Utilities Commission. The rate increase proposed for 2011-2013 will raise the average household electricity bill $6.70 per month. According to Piro, these costs can be associated largely with state renewable energy mandates, such as finishing phase III of the Biglow Canyon Wind Farm.”

So much for energy savings from “renewable” power sources. But, we’re not done, yet. About those mandates Piro mentioned…

[O]ne of the main reasons why wind energy has expanded so quickly in Oregon is because the Oregon Legislature passed renewable energy mandates in 2007. These mandates force utilities, and ultimately ratepayers, to purchase a certain percentage of renewable power by a certain year. The main goal is to have 25% new renewable energy on the grid by 2025. This effectively creates artificial demand, and wind power developers must build wind farms to meet this demand. Additionally, subsidies for production, as well as lucrative state tax-incentives, create multiple levels of artificial support for wind power.”

Is it any wonder that oil tycoon T. Boone Pickens, global warming activist Al Gore, speculator/investor & liberal activist George Soros, and others see a great opportunity to make new fortunes in the wind energy business? Of course, I’m not against making an honest buck when such an opportunity arises. My concern is with the reliability of the source and the viability of the technology to make it worthwhile to the end users — i.e., you and me. I also hate to see people tricked into thinking something is a “solution” or, at least, of much greater benefit than it really is. (Note: It seems Pickens has had some setbacks on this front and is shifting his focus to natural gas.)

Wynn and Lowe conclude that:

Forcing Oregonians to purchase an energy source with so many associated costs is unwise. At best, wind power simply replaces a clean, reliable and affordable source of energy: hydroelectricity. At worst, it invites increased price volatility, increased rates and the prospect of more greenhouse gas-emitting facilities. Ultimately, mandating increased wind generation leads to financial burdens on businesses and individuals across the state that ought to be considered carefully.”

If you don’t live in Oregon, you may be thinking this isn’t much of an issue for you. But, many (30?) states have issued or are considering similar mandates for their utilities. California, for example, will require that renewable energy sources produce 33% of its electrical power by 2020. Unfortunately, there is yet another wrinkle to impede this noble cause.

Remember how the predicted major reductions in carbon emissions was such a huge selling point for wind power? Well, several new studies have concluded that the actual reductions from wind-generated electricity will be rather negligible. As reported in the Wall Street Journal by the Manhattan Institute’s Robert Bryce and written about in his new book, Power Hungry: The Myths of “Green” Energy and the Real Fuels of the Future, the cycling up and down of conventional coal- or gas-fired generators to compensate for erratic winds is rather inefficient. These generators are designed for continuous operation, so intermittently powering them on & off increases both fuel consumption and carbon emissions. According to Bryce, the aforementioned, recent research strongly indicates that this effectively cancels out any projected reductions.

[The summary I read didn’t mention anything about hydroelectric dams, as in the Oregon example above, but I can’t imagine ramping them up and down any more than absolutely necessary is a good idea, either.]

Wind Farm in Palm Springs, California

Wind Farm in Palm Springs, California

The Independent Petroleum Association of the Mountain States commissioned Bentek Energy to analyze Colorado and Texas power plant records. Despite sizable investments, Bentek concluded, wind power “has had minimal, if any, impact on carbon dioxide” emissions. Thanks to the cycling of Colorado’s coal-fired plants in 2009, at least 94,000 more pounds of CO2 were generated because of the repeated cycling. In Texas, there was an estimated, relatively small reduction (~600 tons) of CO2 in 2008 and a slight increase (~1000 tons) of CO2 in 2009.

Some of you may remember that the Waxman-Markey energy bill, which narrowly passed the House last year, included the goal of eventually having 25% of the nation’s electricity produced by renewable energy sources. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the best-case scenario is about 306 million tons less CO2 by 2030. With the estimated annual U.S. carbon emissions being roughly 6.2 billion tons that year, the expected reduction will only be around 4.9% of emissions nationwide. That’s only a fifth what the Waxman-Markey bill put forth. And it’s certainly not much when you consider that the Obama administration wants to cut CO2 emissions 80% by 2050.

Frankly, I think the powers-that-be need to be much more realistic in their expectations, in terms of what can be done, by when, and how. (It would help if they weren’t being influenced/pressured by the climate change alarmists.) Granted, my knowledge on the subject is fairly limited. But, I still think it is safe to say that the more reliable, proven energy alternatives that should be focused on are natural gas, hydroelectric, clean coal, and definitely nuclear fission. If some billionaire gave me some money to invest in energy production, I would put it in one or more of those areas (after due diligence research, of course). No question.

Wind power? It might suffice for small, agrarian communities. But, for our modern, energy-ravenous society, it just doesn’t cut it. In fact, it “sucks”.

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What should one look for in a candidate for U.S. Senate? A certain amount of intelligence, competence, ability to work well with others. A bit of leadership experience would be nice, but not necessarily the same amount as one needs in a governor or president. Someone who is familiar with the issues of the day, though not necessarily an expert. (That’s what aides and advisors are for.) An innovative thinker. A man/woman of principle, with personal and professional integrity. Someone who values service to his country and fellow-citizens over power and the privileges of office. And, last but not least, a healthy, originalist respect for the U.S. Constitution & Bill of Rights.

When Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison decided to run for Governor of Texas, she promised to resign her senatorial seat shortly after the election, whether she won or not. Before the ensuing special election, the then-elected Governor — who ended up being the incumbent Gov. Rick Perry — must pick someone to serve out the rest of Hutchinson’s term. (If she ever gets around to stepping down, that is.) This is where Michael Williams comes into the picture, because he threw his hat… er, name into the ring to fill that seat way back in Dec. 2008. So, who is this guy?

Michael L. Williams headshot

Commissioner Michael Williams

“I learned I could compete, could succeed and had value. That was the genius of my parents’ emphasis on religious faith, strong family and community bonds, self-reliance, hard work and learning.”

Michael L. Williams was born in 1953 to a pair of public school teachers who were very conservative but not particularly political. He grew up in Midland, Texas, excelling in academics (especially spelling, speech, & science), athletics, and student government. All of these aptitudes would serve him well in the coming years. After earning his law degree from USC Law School (1979), Williams returned to Texas to pursue his career. He eventually became an assistant district attorney in his hometown of Midland. In 1985, Williams married his wife Donna, a mechanical engineer who is now a regional V.P. for Parsons Corporation.

Williams has had the privilege of working in three executive departments of the federal government. From 1984-1988, he prosecuted hate crimes and police misconduct cases at the U.S. Department of Justice in the Reagan Administration, where he was awarded the Attorney General’s “Special Achievement Award”. (He prosecuted the KKK, who threatened his life.) Then he was assigned the office of Special Assistant to the Attorney General from 1988 to 1989. From 1989 to 1990, Williams served in the U.S. Department of the Treasury as the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Law Enforcement. His duties there gave him policy oversight for the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, the U.S. Secret Service, the U.S. Customs Service, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. He was then (1990) appointed by President George H.W. Bush to be Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Education. All before he was 40.

Williams served as “of Counsel” with the Haynes and Boone law firm (1993-1996) and as General Counsel to a minority-owned high-tech corporation (1997-1999). He volunteered his services as General Counsel for the Republican Party of Texas, as chair of the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission, and on the Board of Directors of the Arlington Chamber of Commerce, the Texas Public Policy Foundation, and Our Mother of Mercy Catholic School. He also taught in the School of Public Affairs and Texas Wesleyan School of Law as an adjunct professor at Texas Southern University.

Since 1999 Williams has served as one of the three members of the Texas Railroad Commission. But, don’t ask Commissioner Williams about railroads. (Well, you could….) As it turns out, the Commission hasn’t had anything to do with them since 2005. Instead, the RRC oversees & regulates oil, natural gas, and other energy issues. Originally appointed by Gov. George W. Bush in 1998 to fill a vacancy, Williams then handily won the special election for the unexpired term in 2000. The 2002 race was closer, but he won the 6-year term by better than a 13% margin. Williams ran unopposed for the Republican nomination in March 2008, gaining broad party support from several hundred Republican grassroots leaders across Texas, most members of the State Republican Executive Committee (SREC), 100+ county chairmen, and both members of the Republican National Committee (RNC) from Texas. Vowing to “develop new energy sources, create a pro-growth energy policy, control government spending, and produce the next generation of mathematicians, scientists and engineers,” Williams won that November with 52% of the vote. He is not only a commissioner but chairman of the RRC from Sept. 1999 to Sept. 2003, then again from June 2007 until present.

Commissioner Michael Williams on TV

Michael Williams on Texas Monthly Talks

Williams is proud to chair the Governor’s Clean Coal Technology Council and represent the Governor and the Commission on the Southern States Energy Board. He chairs the Governor’s Competitiveness Council and is a member of both the National Coal Council (an advisory board to the U.S. Secretary of Energy) and the Interstate Compact Commission. He also serves as “point person” for agency regulatory reform and technology modernization efforts. In Sept. 2005, Gov. Perry asked Williams to spearhead Texas’ long-term efforts for Hurricane Katrina relief, and he initiated the Texas response against the tragedy in Darfur. Until recently, Williams was Honorary State Chairman of Big Brothers Big Sisters of Texas, which “helps to enrich, encourage, and empower children through safe, positive, one-to-one mentoring relationships.” He also created and co-sponsors a summer camp program — “Williams Future Innovators”, or “Winnovators” — that, in line with his campaign promises, encourages “the next generation of scientists, technologists, engineers and mathematicians.”

According to Williams, central to his way of thinking is the question “What is going to uplift the community?” On any particular issue, what is going to enhance the freedom of individuals and the ability to control their own lives?

So, I know you’re wondering, what are Williams’ positions on the big issues? What is his record like?

Here are a few nuggets:

Government Size: “Government’s primary responsibility is to advance the cause of freedom and promote, protect and secure the inalienable rights that were endowed to us by God. As such, the proper role of government is both limited and subordinate to man. In its proper role, the federal government would refrain from usurping the proper functions that should be performed by state and local governments—who are closer to the people.”

Government Spending: “We need to bring greater transparency to spending to curtail waste, reform the flawed earmark process, and control the growth of government. Wasteful government spending puts a needless burden on the next generation….” He has been consistently against pay raises for federal workers, who already make much more than their private-sector peers. In fact, he has refused to accept his own (significant) pay raises, as voted on by the Texas legislature, 3 times in the past few years. He even cut the size of the Commission’s bureaucracy by 20%.

Taxes & the Economy: “The best tax system helps make poor people rich, not rich people poor. An efficient tax system has a broad tax base and a low tax rate. America has the second highest corporate tax burden in the developed world. We need to unleash the entrepreneurial spirit by cutting taxes and reforming the tax code with a flat tax…. The key to generating jobs and growth is cutting taxes instead of raising them. It is a fundamental issue of fairness, and it is critical to bringing America out of recession.”

Michael Williams signing pledge

Michael Williams signing Taxpayer Protection Pledge

Healthcare: “I don’t want either the insurance clerk or a government bureaucrat making healthcare decisions for me.” He wants patient-centered reform that encourages flexibility, choice, & competition; increased use of HSAs and no government-run “public option”.

Climate Change: “I believe that the science is unsettled…. I disagree that Man is the principle cause of any kind of warming of the planet. But, more important than that, I disagree with [the Obama Administration about] the economics and the financial costs that would be imposed by… whether it is Kyoto-style emissions reductions or whether it’s an EPA-mandated emissions reduction or whether it is Cap-and-Tax…. I call it ‘Cap-our-economy-and-Trade-our-jobs-to-China.”

Energy: “[O]ur motto should be ‘all of the above.'” Strong believer in “Drill, baby, drill!”, building nuclear power plants, utilizing more clean coal, harnessing wind power through the Texas corridor, and incentivizing the development of innnovative, clean, alternative-fuel technologies. His initiative called “Breathe Easy” advocates the conversion of Texas public and private fleets (especially schoolbuses) from diesel & gasoline to environmentally cleaner, cheaper and domestically-produced natural gas and propane.

Border Security/Immigration: “Border control is a matter of national security. Amnesty is an affront to the rule of law. To reduce illegal immigration, we must secure the border first with both physical and virtual fences as well as more patrols; aggressively enforce sanctions against employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants; immediately deport immigrant felons; require applicants for a temporary work visa to return home and maintain a tamper-proof identification card…. For generations, immigrants have provided America with a great vitality and robustness. Coming to America must mean more than coming for a job. Coming to America is about coming to be an American. And it must be done in accord with the rule of law.”

War in Afghanistan: Primarily it should be a counterterrorist mission, making sure the jihadists cannot use Afghanistan as a base from which to export terrorism. Rebuilding the country is another mission, and a broader and more difficult one.

Further conservative credentials:

o argued against racial preferences in academic admissions

o lifetime member of the National Rifle Association

o helped get out the vote for Republicans as Chairman of Texas Victory 2004 and 2006

o served as Convention Chairman and Platform Committee Chairman at Republican Party of Texas’ State Conventions

o one of the original board members of the Texas Christian Coalition

Michael Williams with Newt Gingrich

Michael Williams and Newt Gingrich

Known for his signature bowtie, Williams is a popular, well-respected elected official in Texas. He is a devout Catholic and unabashedly pro-life and pro-business. He is a clear-thinking, articulate, and principled conservative, not to mention “an engaging and charming conversationalist.” And, he has the endorsement of solid conservatives like former Speaker Newt Gingrich, Sen. Jim DeMint (R-SC), and RedState. (Also, former NYC Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, whom I generally like, though I can’t bring myself to call him a “solid conservative”.) DeMint called Williams “probably one of the brightest stars in the country” among conservatives, and “we’ve got some great candidates around the country but none better than Michael Williams.” Barring any future scandal, he looks like a great candidate for the GOP.

No doubt about it, I like this guy. If you do, too, stop over at WilliamsForTexas for more information — maybe even sign up to volunteer or make a donation. We need more consistent, courageous conservatives like Michael Williams in the U.S. Senate.